When Taloot became the king, he prepared the Bani Israel for Jihad and mobilized his army towards the battlefield against a pagan king ‘Jaloot’. Jaloot was a very tall and strong king. The metal hat, that he used to wear, weighed about three hundred pounds. When both armies aligned in the battlefield, Sayyiduna Taloot made an announcement within his army that whoever kills Jaloot, he will marry his princess with him and will also give him half of his kingdom. Listening to this royal offer, Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام came forward. At that time, Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام was a young boy, his face had become pale out of sickness and he علیہ السلام was so poor that he علیہ السلام used to earn his living by herding the goats. It has been reported that when Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام left his home to participate in the Jihad, a stone in his way called out, ‘O Dawood (علیہ السلام ), pick me up as I am the stone of Sayyiduna Musa (علیہ السلام ).’ Then another stone called him and said, ‘O Dawood (علیہ السلام ), pick me up as I am the stone of Sayyiduna Haroon (علیہ السلام ),’ and then there was a call from a third stone,
‘O Dawood (علیہ السلام ), pick me up as I am the killer of Jaloot.’
Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام took all three stones and put them in his bag. When the battle broke, Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام advanced with his catapult and when he saw Jaloot, he علیہ السلام loaded the three stones in his catapult and having invoked : اّٰ ـمِ سۡ ِب9 catapulted the three stones on Jaloot. These three stones hit Jaloot on his nose and skull and after crushing his brain; they went through his head and struck thirty other people of the Jaloot army killing each and every one of them. After this, Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام dragged the dead body of Jaloot and put it before His Highness Sayyiduna Taloot. Sayyiduna Taloot and the Bani Israel became very happy upon this.
After the death of Jaloot, his army fled away from the battlefield and Sayyiduna Taloot won the war. In compliance to his announcement,
Sayyiduna Taloot married his daughter to Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام and made him the king of half of his kingdom. After forty years, Sayyiduna Taloot died and thus Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام became the king of the entire kingdom.
After the demise of Sayyiduna Shamweel علیہ السلام , Allah bestowed Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام with Prophethood. Before Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام , no one had held these two positions simultaneously and he علیہ السلام was the first person who was bestowed with these two distinctions simultaneously. He علیہ السلام chaired these two positions and fulfilled the responsibilities for seventy years. After him, his son Sayyiduna Sulayman علیہ السلام was also bestowed with this distinction of being a Prophet as well as a king simultaneously.
(Tafseer Jamal ‘alal Jalalayn, vol. 1, pp. 308; part 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 251)
A brief description of this event is in Surah Al-Baqarah of the Holy Quran as:
And Dawood killed Jaloot, and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him all whatever He willed.
[Kanz-ul-Iman (Translation of Quran)] (Part 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 251)
Livelihood of Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام
Despite being an emperor of a large empire, Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام used to earn his living by the means of handcraft throughout his life. Allah blessed him with the miracle that whenever he علیہ السلام would touch metal, it would turn soft and mild like wax. He علیہ السلام used to make armours from it and would sell them to earn his living. Allah also taught him the language of birds.
(Ruh-ul-Bayan, vol. 1, pp. 391; part 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 251)
- Similar to the event of Sayyiduna Taloot, we learnt from the blessed life of Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام that whenever Allah bestows His grace and compassion, within an instant a grain can become a mountain and a ray can become a sun. Ponder over the fact that Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام was a young boy and a son of a very poor father but all of a sudden, Allah blessed him with such dignity and grandeur that he علیہ السلام became a crowned king and was married to a princess.Furthermore, he علیہ السلام was bestowed with the high rank of Prophethood. There cannot be a higher rank than this for human beings. Then witness the display of the munificent power of Allah that He made a young and an ill boy like Dawood علیہ السلام to kill the tyrant king Jaloot using just three small stones. Apparently it was not possible as Jaloot was wearing a heavy iron helmet weighing three hundred pounds. However, the reality is that if Allah wills, He may empower an ant over an elephant and if Allah wills, an elephant cannot harm an ant.
- In the abovementioned event, you have read that Sayyiduna Taloot used to tan leather and herd the goats. Similarly Sayyiduna Dawood علیہ السلام used to herd the goats in the early years of his life. However when he علیہ السلام was blessed by Allah with the kingship and Prophethood, thereafter, he علیہ السلام chose to make earning by moulding armours. It can be deduced that adopting any occupation for earning Halal livelihood whether it be leather tanning, transhumance, blacksmithing or weaving should not be considered bad or embarrassing.Those people who have established notorious opinions about workers of such occupations, they themselves are sunk in the abyss of ignorance. Adopting any lawful occupation for earning Halal income is the blessed conduct of the reverend Prophets (عزوجل و صلی اللہ تعالیٰ علیہ وسلم) , and the holy saints (‘ ./. Therefore, we should never consider a Muslim inferior on the basis of his occupation. In fact the professional Muslims are far better than those who earn livelihood by unfair means. In Shari’ah, bad is one who earns his livelihood by unfair or illegitimate means.
(واللہ تعالٰی اعلم)