There are some rights that every human being has over other people, whether he is a Muslim or a non Muslim, a good doer or a vicious person. Right to have justice, equality, safety, security and human dignity are consider essential in Islam. These are augmented by further rights such as right to education , to own property, and to have free life. Here are some of these rights:
- Do not harm the life and property of any human being by mistake.
- He should not speak in bad way with anyone without any shar’i reason.
- If he sees someone in distress or finds someone suffering from hunger, thirst or disease, he should help him. Give food and water. Treat it with medicine.
- In cases where the Shari’ah has allowed punishments or battles, the caution should not exceed the limits and should not be cruel at all. According to the sacred teachings of Islamic law, every human being has a right over every human being, which is obligatory on each other as human beings.
Hadiths about human rights
It is in the Hadith that.
The Rehman has mercy on the merciful. Have mercy on the people of the earth, and the Lord of heaven will have mercy on you. ”جامع الترمذی ، کتاب البر والصلۃ ، باب ماجاء فی رحمۃ المسلمین ،رقم ۱۹۳۱،ج۳،ص۳۷۱
And in another Hadith, the Holy Prophet ﷺ has adjudged the one who behaves well with Allah’s creatures as the most beloved according to Allah.
From the above discussion, it is obvious that Islam has laid down rights for every human being. These principles are practical ethics for the daily life suited to the whole world.کنزالعمال، کتاب الزکوٰۃ ، الباب الثانی فی السخاء والصدقۃ ، الفصل الاول ،رقم۱۶۱۶۷، ج۶، ص۱۶۴